Contractions (e.g., let’s, don’t, couldn’t, it’s, she’s) have a bad reputation.Many argue that they have no place at all in formal writing. Learn the rules for pluralizing last names in English with the following guide. Personal pronouns don’t require apostrophes when they become possessive. Apostrophes with Names Ending in S. Common nouns: When it comes to grammar rules for apostrophe after s, you should be consistent in writing. Look at the examples below: a … the boy’s girlfriends. Use an apostrophe to indicate that letters or figures have been omitted (e.g. To show possession of a whole family: First, add -es or -s to write the family’s last name in plural form. Whereas in the past it was thought bad form to add an s , style guides are now pointing in that direction, even ones in the US where grammar tends to be policed in more traditional ways. By . A contraction is a combination of two or more words. If two nouns jointly possess something, use only one apostrophe… However, if the name or word itself ends in s (for example, dress or Ozymandias), then you find yourself in muddier waters. Tip. Apostrophe Rules for Possessives. Contributors:Purdue OWL Last , Possessive Apostrophe Rules Names Ending In S Clinic , Possessive Forms in English Forming Possessives. The short … Follow this rule whatever the final consonant. We have two Jennies/Jennys … Contractions. Look at the example: Paul’s house is very big. two Marias, two Joes, several Jennys in the class two Kansas Citys, two Germanys, I love Thursdays two St. Louises. Rule: To show the plural of a name that ends with a ch, s, or z sound, add es. Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. If your goal is simply pluralization, however, forgo the apostrophe. Diogenes’s philosophy . Possessives. You can use an apostrophe to show possession with a singular noun by adding an apostrophe plus the letter s ('s). Surname Spelling Rules. See also Possessives for more information. Names are pluralized like regular words. What to Know. Contractions The apostrophe for plurals The apostrophe after last names The possessive apostrophe The apostrophe after -s The apostrophe after –x Plural possessives Further study There are some punctuation signs in English that are responsible for only one or two functions. Apostrophe rules also mention that if the family name has ending like x, ch, sh, or z, however, we need to add ‘es’ to form the ending. The main use of the apostrophe is to form the possessive case of most nouns by adding an apostrophe or an apostrophe and 's'. o’clock, meaning of the clock, or ’90s, meaning 1990s). It depends on the meaning that Zissman intended. Possessive Nouns – The Apostrophe S. A possessive noun, which contains an apostrophe S, is used to show possession or that there is a relationship between two things or that something belongs to someone or something. Right: The Smiths also want a gerbil. Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? Most nouns ending in s are pluralized by adding es. The first rule–the most important thing to remember when working with surnames (a person’s last name)–is do not change a person’s name. If something belongs to, or is associated with, more than one person whose names are linked by 'and', the apostrophe … This is the usage of the United States Government Printing Office and of the Oxford University Press. Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. October 14, 2011 . Have you ever wondered how to make a possessive name such as McDonald's, Carl's, or St. Anthony's possessive? by Tyler Krupa. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. The apostrophe (' or ’) is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets. Nesbit’s reading a book about the moons ( Extra: Should words like moon and sun be capitalized?) Examples. Rule: To show the plural of a name that ends with a ch, s, or z sound, add es. the girls’ boyfriends. I have seen conflicting rules in reliable sources about the use of apostrophes for names (singular and plural) that end in s. The one I go by is that if the name is one-syllable, like James, it’s accurate to add apostrophe-s to it, making James’s. As we’ve mentioned above that an apostrophe is used to show possession, however, there are several ways of how to use apostrophes correctly in showing possession. Examples: Alexander the great’s empire, Luis the sixteenth’s regime. his book, her sweater, its tail). The electronic device you’re reading this grammar guide on is yours, not your’s or yours’. If it appears after the s, then it will most likely be plural, i.e. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith’s Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths’ house.But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams? He was gone — heaven forbid — for an hour and no one knew where he was. When used as proper names, Woods or Burns are singular forms. Same plural rules for other proper nouns. The members of the Johnson and Smith families, for instance, are the Johnsons and the Smiths, not the Johnson’s and the Smith’s. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). In English, it is used for three purposes: The marking of the omission of one or more letters (as in the contraction of do not to don't). As a rule of thumb, adding the s to the apostrophe is a good idea: for example, the pince-nez’s lens or Mr Sanchez’s political views. To form the plural of a name ending in y, simply add an s. Examples. Don’t use apostrophes when you mean to make last names plural. Instead of saying “the house of Paul” in English we use the apostrophe S to show that the house belongs … I see these errors frequently, and they drive me crazy! 1-minute read by Mignon Fogarty. The rule goes like this: If your name ends in s , … Let's take a look at … Wrong: The Smith’s also want a gerbil. Apostrophe. possessive. Many people can’t resist adding unnecessary apostrophes when To form the plural of most surnames in English, simply add the suffix -s to the end of the name. The apostrophe ( ’ ) has three uses: contractions, plurals, and possessives. With names, as with other nouns, an apostrophe is used to form a possessive or a contraction. Note: Apostrophes are not used to form the possessive of personal pronouns (e.g. You should, of course, observe your publisher’s or instructor’s requirements. Have you ever wondered how to make a possessive name such as McDonald's, Carl's, or St. Anthony's possessive? The Whole Family’s Last Name. possessive rules for last names tags : rules and examples for apostrophe usage. Spaces may or may not be added before or after a … Mignon Fogarty Grammar Girl. Some styles may allow you to add only an apostrophe: Athens’ history, Diogenes’ philosophy, Dumas’ novels. This is called a possessive apostrophe. But although this rule seems straightforward, one thing that trips up many writers is how to form possessives when the name being used ends with an s. Punctuation used to denote a sudden change or break in a sentence, e.g. of Jupiter. Gifts a loved one receives are his, hers, or theirs. Apostrophes in Names Rules You will use apostrophe with “s” for possessive singular nouns: You will use the apostrophe with the letter “s” in showing possessive form of the singular noun, even if the singular noun is ending with the letter “s”. By adding apostrophe (’) + s that is (’s) at the end of a noun: ... Possessive case is made of last word in case of compound nouns or noun in phrase. The members of the Edwards and Doss families are the … It is also important to know about rules in using apostrophes in names so that you will not have a hard time in writing. Thus write, Charles's friend Burns's poems the witch's malice. If the apostrophe appears before the letter s then it may denote that the possessive case is singular, i.e. Rule 5: To indicate separate possession, add whichever possessive sign is appropriate (an apostrophe plus s or an apostrophe alone) to the name of each person: It doesn’t matter. What do the rules of English grammar and punctuation say about Bakers Toolkit? You need to use the best formula and stay consistent all the time. If there are more than one syllable in the name, the aprostrophe-s is replaced with just the apostrophe, as in Willis’. Other things to watch out for when using the possessive s:. When to use an Apostrophe With Last Names. ... proper nouns ending in s that are singular follow the general rule and add ’s : Athens’s history. Alexandre Dumas’s novels. One of my Twitter followers asked me about this story last week, so we’re going to talk about apostrophes, plural nouns, and brand names. You can’t add an apostrophe before an “s” when the surname ends in “s.” For instance, do not make the name “Andrews” possessive by putting the apostrophe between the “w” and the “s.” That is changing the spelling of Andrews. Apostrophes before the letter S. Rule 1: To show possession, add an apostrophe followed by an s to the end of a singular noun that does not normally end in s. Example 1: You are reading one of David’s blog posts. (“David” is a proper noun that doesn’t end in s, so to make this name possessive, you change it to David’s. Showing , 10.04 Lesson 10D: Family Members and Possessives (Spanish II) Utah , Plural Possessive Nouns Examples , the possessive form of lives possessive … Nesbit’s spacesuit is green. Rule 4: To form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s or es, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: her children’s toys, the women’s dressing room. With a Singular Noun. Possessives of names Most names, including ending with vowel or y. How to Make Names With Apostrophes Possessive. Last names ending in s are no different. contraction. Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? In the spirit of the season, I beg you. Apostrophes are used to show possession. Then, add an apostrophe at the end to show possession. 5 Responses to “Where to Place the Possessive Apostrophe in a Surname” Pat on January 19, 2011 2:19 pm. ; The marking of possessive case of nouns (as in the eagle's feathers, in one month's time, at your … The MLA Style Center, the only authorized Web site on MLA style, provides free resources on research, writing, and documentation. Making a last name plural should never involve an apostrophe. Mark, you’ve done a great job of clarifying a tricky rule. Apostrophes on Singular Nouns. Using apostrophes with possessive nouns gets a little more confusing when the noun ends in a sibilant (an s, z or x sound). I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). For further reference, see Apostrophes; Lesson Five - Possessive nouns; This applies to last names as well. These nouns might end in … If your goal is to make your last name possessive, then, by all means, use an apostrophe. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. Unless you want to make your last name possessive, there aren't any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe. Rules to make possessive case of a noun in different situations. Whether your name ends in an ‘s’ or not, the same rule applies—if you’re not making your last name possessive, then there is no apostrophe. Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith’s Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths’ house.But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams?. Add ’s for possessive, s for plural, and s’ for possessive plural. When we make other words that end in ‘s’ plural we usually add an ‘es’—like with the word “dress” (“I just bought seventeen dresses“). 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