African political and economic elite have often resorted to religion in their intense competition for the diminishing resources of wealth, political power and prestige. Factbook > Countries > South Africa > Demographics. Some of this work runs counter to stereotypes about religious groups. Throughout South Africa’s three centuries of modern history, religion has played a major role in shaping the contours of all areas of South African life. Religious ethics, such as the Golden Rule do provide a basis for encouraging better human behaviour. fontein, South Africa. This has encouraged people to give priority to an inner life of prayer and meditation as well as outer achievements. If we work towards embedding the 4IR in our society, our economy will grow and our people will be in a much more stable, sustainable and more hopeful place. “Benefits of Religion“, Oxford, UK – www.biographyonline.net. Table 10 .1: Religious affiliation in South Africa (%) . The freedom of religion provisions in South Africa’s transitional bill of rights will be assessed in view of both this pro­ posed clause (hereinafter referred to … "When the missionaries came to Africa they had the Bible and we had the land. This is part of democracy. Religion is more likely to cultivate a sense of community rather than just individuality. This is a look at some of the benefits that the world has received from religion. Religions: Christian 86%, ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religions 5.4%, Muslim 1.9%, … I have studied the history of Africa quite a bit, but I am not part of that culture. The major faiths practiced in South Africa are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, traditional African religions and Judaism. CHAPTER 5. Studies have shown that religious practice: Decreases crime Stabilizes society Improves family relationships (Fagan "Why Religion Matters Even") Religion decreases Crime Religious involvement decreases crime. People are also encouraged to learn about and respect different spiritual practices. 1 in 6 people US hospitals visits are  in a Catholic facility. Religion makes people care less about improving and appreciating the universe we are in, by creating the … Different religious traditions have played a major role in the evolution of society. Rorty, rights and religion: The contribution of South African religions to a shared value system Ronald Nicolson INTRODUCTION The need for shared values It must be obvious to us all that if there is to be hope and stability in South Africa, a common set of values will need to be widely accepted. South Africa - South Africa - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist intervention (1870–1902): South Africa experienced a transformation between 1870, when the diamond rush to Kimberley began, and 1902, when the South African War ended. The indigenous people were also converted to Catholicism which remains the dominant religion in Central and South America. 1 Introduction: Peoples, religions, Constitution and Charter. This principle is often ignored by votaries of religion, but without ethical teachings propagated by religions, there would have been even more conflict and division in the world. Religious involvement decreases crime. Some urban legends about life in South Africa just never seem to go away. Finally, and most importantly, it’s what congregations do in their communities that makes the biggest socio-economic contribution. And it’s not just Catholics. People who made a difference. In South Africa, various churches were at the vanguard of the struggle against apartheid and the peaceful transition. One American CEO, Don Larson, motivated by his faith, has started a company in Mozambique that not only stocks the shelves of America’s major food stores – from Giant and Wegmans to Whole Foods – but empowers tens of thousands of people. Religion in South Africa: | | | St. Mark's Anglican Cathedral, George, South Africa ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. From primitive civilisations to the acme of Western civilisation, there have always been people unsatisfied with a purely materialistic interpretation of life. Religion and Politics in South Africa Ebrahim Rasool (Leader of the ANC, Western Cape) The role of religion in politics is a topic that has gained enormous significance in light of the events of 11 September 2001. The self-expression of God is in the endless variety of creation; and our attitude toward the Infinite Being must also in its expression have a variety of individuality – ceaseless and unending.”. The upside is that even though it is so, there is a separation of church and state; so religion seldom interferes with civil matters. Men and women who made a positive contribution to the world – in the fields of politics, literature, music, activism and spirituality. This might blind us to the fact that religion is a significant source of America’s economic and social strength. That is equivalent to being the world’s 15th-largest national economy, outpacing nearly 180 other countries and territories. Nearly all South Africans will tell you that they belong to a church and practice a faith, although their thinking when it comes to religion and religious beliefs differ widely. Religion creates an avenue for many charlatans to parade as so-called men of God to fleece the poor of their meagre resources. In summary, the main benefits of religion include Teachings of goodwill and the golden rule (do unto others) Promoting ethics and good morals in political life Inner strength and courage to do the right thing By comparison, this is the same number as the total population of Ireland or New Zealand. Nel MORALITY AND RELIGION IN AFRICAN THOUGHT ABSTRACT The article deals critically with current discourses on morality in African thought. Including Jesus Christ, The Buddha, Lord Krishna, St Teresa of Avila. globalization has a great impact in South Africa in the sense that there are over 80% of protestant Christians but are mainly independent churches. The areas on which participants were surveyed covered social acceptance on the basis of religion, immigration, sexual orientation and gender identity, political views, and criminal background. It has manifests itself in various forms such as an increase in international trade, financial flows, and foreign direct investment (Smith,2001). South Africa Religions. Grim is President of the Religious Freedom & Business Foundation. There are laid down systems of being and doing things. One in six people visiting a hospital in the US is cared for in a Catholic facility. The largest group within this sector are not religious companies, per se, but faith-inspired or religion-friendly companies. It is often called a second world country since it’s more developed than most African countries. In the popular mind, to discuss religion in the context of international affairs automatically raises the specter of religious-based conflict. Facts and statistics about the Religions of South Africa. The main analytical problem involving an understanding of the relation between religion and politics in Africa is the region's astonishing multifariousness of religious beliefs, ethnic divisions, cultural distinctions, and political modes. Nel, Centre for African Studies, University of the Free State, Bloem-fontein, South Africa. RELIGION AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION IN AFRICA: A CRITICAL AND APPRECIATIVE PERSPECTIVE1 Obaji M Agbiji & Ignatius Swart Research Institute for Theology and Religion University of South Africa Abstract Religion constitutes an inextricable part of African society. Religion can give an opportunity for man to attain the ‘peace that passeth understanding’. Adventure - South Africa is the adventure capital of the world. Last updated 3 February 2020. In southern Africa most of the leaders who participated in the fight for independence were educated by missionaries or schools built by missionaries. Teachings of goodwill and the golden rule, “We must be bright and cheerful. A minority of South African population does not belong to any of the major religions, but regard themselves as traditionalists or of no specific religious affiliation. The most dramatic and most frequently cited case is the successful mediation the Rome-based Community of Sant'Egidio achieved to help end the civil war in Mozambique in 1992. In an area where public schools are working hard just to keep young men from ending up in gangs, in jail or dead, St. Benedict’s sends 95 per cent of its graduates to college, including a sizeable number to Ivy League schools. This translates into just 0.13 percent of South Africa’s Chinese population adhering to Christianity. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Religion. For instance, 120,000 congregations report that people visit them to view their art and architecture. 22 to 24 November 1992) under the auspices of the South African Chapter of the World Conference on Religion and Peace. For example, in the Nineteenth Century, many of the opponents of slavery were motivated by a belief that racism and slavery were incompatible with religious teachings on the inherent divinity of all men. P.J. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except for material where copyright is reserved by a party other than FEE. His innovative business model is based on what he calls a “reverse tithe” – where 90 per cent of profits go back into the local community. Religion has become a source of pride and conflict because humanity has acted badly in the name of religion. The traditional African religion is part of our culture and traditions and there is very little we can do about it. Religion plays a fundamental role in our culture. A minority of South African population does not belong to any of the major religions, but regard themselves as traditionalists or of no specific religious affiliation. People Who Made a Difference in Health Care, Facts about the extraordinary life of Joan of Arc, Teachings of goodwill and the golden rule (do unto others), Promoting ethics and good morals in political life, Inner strength and courage to do the right thing. It can bring people together as they share common aspirations to lead a better life. Famous saints – Famous saints from the main religious traditions of Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism. But, there are many saints and religious figures who, inspired by religion, have made a significant contribution to the world. Upon graduating from Drew University, Uriel returned to his childhood neighborhood to build 50 new affordable houses, rehabilitate more than 30 homes and attracted more than $3 million in funding to build additional affordable homes and apartments in the area. Within every religion, there is outer imperfection. Religion is inherently a powerful social reality; it is especially so in a country like South Africa where religious beliefs command the allegiance of the vast majority of the population. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. The golden rule of religious teaching is to treat others as we would like to be treated ourselves. And even small religious charities can have strategic impact. Religion has often been a vehicle for intolerance and fundamentalism; religion has been used as an excuse for persecution and war. And some strands of religion have been associated with the populism sweeping the globe, including the evangelical surge that helped put Donald Trump in the White House. Other great leaders inspired by religious teachings on forgiveness include Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela and the 14th Dalai Lama. Unfortunately, I have to limit myself to the constitutional position of just two of the many religions in the country, as space and time do not allow for more. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. Africa is marked by a high degree of political and religious heterogeneity, making a study of politics and religion in the region complex but rewarding. Most religious groups discriminate against women in so many ways. Schools attached to congregations employ 420,000 full-time teachers and train 4.5 million students each year. As a result, there are declining numbers of followers of traditional indigenous religions and very few atheists or agnostics. This has resulted in South African economy managing to emerge its market status. Brian J. It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. Religion increases an individual’s level of happiness. 6. Includes St Francis of Assisi, Mirabai and Guru Nanak. These contributions fall into three general categories: $418 billion from religious congregations; $303 billion from other religious institutions such as universities, charities and health systems; and $437 billion from faith-based, faith-related or faith-inspired businesses. Freedom of worship is guaranteed by the Constitution. But, religion in its purest form has provided many benefits for humanity. Religion often gets a bad rap in the 24/7 news cycle. Institutions of higher education, such as Jewish-affiliated Brandeis University, is one of thousands of religiously based colleges throughout the country. 1 Introduction: Peoples, religions, Constitution and Charter. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. Even a non-religious person can appreciate the divine sacred music of Beethoven, Bach or Schubert. The purest form of religion encourages the highest expression of the Divine through the artistic form. These programs impact individuals and families in a variety of important ways. There is also a belief in mystical powers. FINDING 122 . It benefits many aspects of society. For example, the Quakers, and Christians like William Wilberforce sought to end slavery because they believed slavery was incompatible with Christian charity. The many other dimensions and impacts of religion tend to be downplayed or even neglected entirely. At the World Parliament of Religions (1993), a declaration towards a Global Ethic was made. You could say that’s a lot of spiritually inspired fuel being pumped into the US economy. Yet the living conditions in South Africa are not as good as the first world countries as … Other major religious groups are Hindus, Muslims and Jews. Some of this work runs counter to stereotypes some may have about religious groups. However‚ Freedom of Religion South Africa (FOR SA)‚ said it was not persuaded that licensing of practitioners was the way to go. These add another $303 billion of socio-economic impact to the US economy each year. Religion has been a feature of the world for as long as it came into existence. Religion holds the promise of ultimate enlightenment. Religious teachings emphasise the need for serving our fellow man. The Congo River. In African societies such as Nigeria, the state provides a source of power and wealth, more so than any other institution in society. During the Renaissance, it was often organised religion which was the greatest patron of the arts. Education - Education - South Africa: From the time of the first white settlements in South Africa, the Protestant emphasis on home Bible reading ensured that basic literacy would be achieved in the family. For instance, nearly 26,000 congregations are engaged in some form of active ministry to help people living with HIV-AIDS. “Religion, like poetry, is not a mere idea, it is expression. The loftiest teaching is to do this selfless service without expectation of reward or praise but to work with a feeling of oneness and identification with other people. These local congregations number more than 344,000 and employ hundreds of thousands of staff and purchase billions worth of services in every corner and crossroads of the country’s urban and rural landscape. The Dutch challenged Portuguese domination of the Indian Ocean trade in the late sixteenth century when they began trading in spices, calico and silks in the East and gold, copper, ivory and slaves in Africa. It is true that man has often misused the ideals of religion for their own selfish ends. It’s more than the global annual revenues of the world’s top 10 tech companies, including Apple, Amazon and Google. I believe that with the advent of Christianity in parts of Africa, there has been a huge change is the amount of superstition. Religion continues to tear Africa into pieces and I don't think Africa can prosper under the dark shadows of religion. Paganism increased in man the light of beauty, the largeness and height of his life, his aim at a many-sided perfection; Christianity gave him some vision of divine love and charity; Buddhism has shown him a noble way to be wiser, gentler, purer, Judaism and Islam how to be religiously faithful in action and zealously devoted to God; Hinduism has opened to him the largest and profoundest spiritual possibilities. There are laid down systems of being and doing things. 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