Realia is essential to the learning of ESL vocabulary. With reading passages, handouts and a quiz to help students understand unknown vocab words, it’s a great addition to any vocabulary lesson. This is because it is tough to convince students to talk, and even more challenging to let them share something when their vocabulary is limited. Pictures, colorful illustrations and even diagrams make vocabulary learning easier. Sugar is sweet. To teach your students vocabulary (or anything) effectively, you’ll need to see things from their perspective. Make up questions that incorporate new phraseology, and which students can ask one another. For English language learners (ELLs): Try to use cognates (words from different languages that have a similar meaning, spelling, and pronunciation) when you introduce new words. 225 East 16th Avenue, Suite 120, Denver, CO 80203. Brainstorming: This is useful for revision and for the introduction of new words. For older students, print vocabulary words using the same bingo card format. When students keep a list of the words that are of interest to them, they are effectively writing their own little dictionaries which can be filled with pictures, synonyms, antonyms, and sentences that are useful to them. At the end of the exercise, each group presents their remaining unknown words, which are thrown open to the floor for discussion and explanation by the whole class. For older students, take a listen to the “Parts of the Body” video. Nothing is worse than a teacher trying to figure out how to play the audio during class time. To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: First, they notice a new word with help. 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